Hemorrhoid is a common condition of the anal and rectal area and is one of the most prevalent causes of hemorrhage in this area. It also can cause pain, discomfort and debilitation of the patient. Such measurements as alteration of diet and lifestyle in hemorrhoid patients requires high levels of compliance from the paten’s side. When such measurements are futile, many physicians opt for non-surgical procedures like sclerotherapy or cryotherapy, which usually require specialized training, equipment and accepting certain levels of risk. Despite the number of such methods, none has an advantage over the others. On the other hand, use of herbal products for treatment of hemorrhoid is quite common in many countries. Common myrtle is one of these plants which is antibacterial and antifungal, anti-inflammatory and healing and is effective in wound healing; the distillate of its leaves and flowers is astringent and hemostatic.(2) The monoterpenes and sesquiterpenes present in its essential oil have antibacterial, antifungal and disinfectant properties, and it has been used in folk medicine to treat the symptoms of hemorrhoid. Also, myrtle’s essential oil is decongestant and astringent.(4)
In a study to determine the vasoactive ions in plants which are used systemically or locally to treat hemorrhoid, researchers have come to the conclusion that common myrtle, which is among the plants used to locally treat hemorrhoid, has vasoactive ions, especially vasoconstrictor ions and provide healing effects for hemorrhoid.
In a controlled, double-blind clinical trial, 67 patients with hemorrhoid degree I and II were administered either MG ointment or antihemorrhoid ointment for 2 weeks. The results showed that both medications caused significant decrease in the amount of hemorrhage, pain while defecating, constant pain, itching, heaviness and burning sensation in the anal area and tenesmus, and there was significant difference in the degree of symptoms before and after the treatment (p<0.01). In the case of reduction of hemorrhage, there was significant difference between myrtle ointment and antihemorrhoid ointment (p=0.052). The researchers came to the conclusion that MG Topical Lotion can be administered as adjuvant treatment for the management of symptoms of hemorrhoid degree I and II.