Microbiology is the study of microorganisms that are invisible to the naked eye. The most important goal of microbiologists is to control and eradicate infectious diseases. Today, we can claim with certainty that microbiology is at its peak with regards to its benefits to human as well as animal health. With the advent of chemical and biological drugs, the role and significance of medicinal plants for human health were at risk of being forgotten. But over time, there was considerable interest in medicinal plants. Given the increasing importance of the use of medicinal plants, the gradual replacement of chemical drugs, and the emergence of drug-resistant microbial strains and the ineffectiveness of chemical antibiotics to combat these strains, research on replacing these chemicals with plants has gotten greater attention and is at the center of this unit’s agenda.
Medicinal plants are the best source for the extraction of different types of medicines. Herbal remedies have from many years ago formed the basis for the treatment of diseases. Although the production and use of chemical medicines has increases during the past century, many people nevertheless use traditional methods, such as herbal medicines for the treatment of diseases.
Essential oils and herbal extracts have a wide range of pharmacological activities, such as anti-inflammatory properties, antispasmodic, expectorant, urinary, bile, and carminative and disinfectant properties. Apart from the above-mentioned cases, there is great interest in the field of medicinal plants in terms of the discovery of new herbal plants and the discovery of new forms of application of these plants and thus new research has been sparked in this field.